Nakhon Ratchasima Historical Sites, Travel Guide to Historical Sites of Nakhon Ratchasima

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Nakhon Ratchasima Historical Sites
Historical Sites
Pratu Chum Phon
Location : Mueang District
Pratu Chum Phon or Chum Phon Gate is situated behind Thao Suranari Monument, this is the old city gate was built in 1656 during period of King Narai. It was built with large stones and bricks with Thai style wooden watchtower on top, covered with tiled roof. The king commanded that a strong city wall be built. Engineers from France, then an ally of the country, designed the city plan. Nakhon Ratchasima at that time was an outpost in the shape of a rectangle of 1,000 x 1,700 metres. The western Chum Phon Gate is the only 1 of 4 city gates that still stands.
Prasat Hin Phanomwan
Location : Mueang District
Prasat Hin Phanomwan
Prasat Hin Phanomwan
Prasat Hin Phanomwan is one of attractions must to visit if you travel to Nakhon Ratchasima. This is ancient Khmer sanctuary resembles Prasat Hin Phimai but its size is smaller. It presumed that it was built in the 15th Buddhist century. Later during the 18th-19th centuries, a stone building was built over it. From inscriptions found at the site, it is known that the sanctuary was used in the Hindu religion and later became a Buddhist site. Although most of it is in ruins, there is a clear form present, like the square main pagoda facing east and a tiered pagoda in front, as well as a path linking the two structures.

To the southwest is a building of red sandstone called “Prang Noi.” Inside is a large stone Buddha image. A roofed sandstone walkway and a laterite wall go around the sanctuary. A Gopura (a sanctuary doorway or porch) in the form of a tall tower is situated in all 4 directions. Around 230 meters east of the sanctuary are traces of a moat and an earth hill that was the site of another Khmer building called “Noen Oraphim.”

How to get there: Prasat Hin Phanomwan is located in Ban Makha, Pho Sub-district around 15 kilometers from the city on the Nakhon Ratchasima - Khon Kaen Road. It shares the same entrance as Wat Nong Chok, on the opposite site of the road. Drive on for another 8 kilometers to reach the sanctuary.
Opening Hours : Daily 08:00 am. - 06:00 pm.
Admission : Thai 20 Baht, Foreigner 50 Baht (Price are subject to change)
Hotels : Hotels in Nakhon Ratchasima Area
Prang Pha-Kho
Location : Chok Chai District
Prang Pha-Kho
Prang Pha-Kho
Prang Pha-Kho is an old religious place in the reign of Khmer which was made of white sandstone. Which assumption that the stupa was built in Hindu religion in the 11th century. Prang Pha-Kho is one little horseshoe shaped canal enclosed the area and the entrance gate is situated in the east. A piece of ancient pediment was discovered here and it proved that Papuan Khmer was once influenced this area during Buddhist era 16. Nowadays, a piece of pediment has been kept at National Museum, Pi mai.

Before the maintenance Prang Pha-Kho, there are lots of traces which show that the excavation has been happened a lot in this area. Some people smuggled in the area and stole the stuff out of the pagoda many times.

According to the assumption, Prasat Hin Baan Phrakho is pretty similar to Khmer Arts style was once the most beautiful and most gorgeous pagoda in Ko Rat which constructed during Buddhist era 15-16 by the royal classic craftsman.

How to get there: The sanctuary is located at Krathok Sub-district. From the city take Highway No. 224 for 29 kilometers and continue on to Highway No. 2071 about 3 kilometers will see the site is on the right.
Mueang Sema
Location : Sung Noen District
Muang Sema was the city which flourished during the Dvaravati period and was built around the 12th Buddhist century. It grew until the 16th-17th Buddhist centuries when it came under Khmer influence. The place features the wreckage of laterite, sandstone, and several artefacts that have been discovered here. The highlights are the reclining sandstone Buddha image and old religious relic, which is now situated in Wat Thammachak Semaram.

How to get there: Mueang Sema is located 37 kilometers away from the city. Another option is tourists can drive from Sung Noen District and drive across Lam Takhong River and Ban Hin Tang, and drive along for 4 kilometers to reach Sema Sub-district.
Prasat Mueang Kao
Location : Sung Noen District
Prasat Mueang Kao is a small-size ancient remain made of laterite and sandstone with a rectangular plan, facing towards the east. It was Arogayasala (nursing home) category which was constructed after the command of King Jayavarman VII, the last great king of the ancient Khmer Empire. It was built during 1181 - 1220. It comprises a main prang on a square base and a Bannalai (Library) structure at the right front corner, surrounded with a boundary wall and an entrance archway at the front. Outside the wall lies a pond in a rectangular shape lined with laterite. However, at present, there remains only a long line of soil rise similar to a wall.

How to get there: Prasat Mueang Kao is located in Wat Prang Mueang Kao, Khaorat Sub-district and about 3 kilometers from Prasat Mueang Khaek. It can be noticed that the entrance of the temple was constructed similar to the city gate of old Khorat Town and there is a replica Monument of Thao Suranari (Khunying Mo or Ya Mo). Prasat Mueang Khaek
Prasat Mueang Khaek
Prasat Mueang Khaek
Location : Sung Noen District
Prasat Mueang Khaek is an ancient stone castle in Khmer style, assumed it might possibly be another Hindu shrine, and aged around the 10th century. It made of bricks and sandstone with a plan in a rectangular shape, facing towards the north. It comprises of a main sanctuary, 2 structures of Bannalai (library), gallery, entrance archways, pond, boundary wall, and a small brick building. From the archaeological excavation in 1959 and during 1990 - 1991, beautifully engraved stone lintels in various designs, god sculptures, as well as, a stone inscription which was used to construct the base of the outermost entrance archway were discovered. Prasat Mueang Khaek is located about 600 meters from Prasat Non Ku.
Prasat Non Ku
Location : Sung Noen District
Prasat Non Ku
Prasat Non Ku
Prasat Non Ku is a small ancient stone castle made of bricks and sandstone. In 1991 - 1992, a lot of archaeological evidence was excavated, creating an assumption that this place might possibly be a Hindu shrine, constructed in an ancient Khmer style of art during the 11th century. Its plan is in a rectangle shape comprises a single prang on a high base and 2 Wihan structures facing towards Prang. These are surrounded with a boundary wall with entrance archways (Gopura) on the east and the west. Moreover, at the ground between the 2 Wihan structures lies a Nandin bull, crouching in a respectful manner towards the main sanctuary where the spirit of the Hindu God Shiva is believed to reside.

How to get there: Prasat Non Ku is located at Ban Kok Kok, Khorat Sub-district. From the centre of town, take Highway No. 2 (Nakhon Ratchasima - Saraburi) to Km. 221-222 and turn right along Highway No. 2161 (into Sung Noen District) for approximately 3 kilometers. Turn right near Wat Yanasophitawanaram (Wat Pa Sung Noen). Prasat Non Ku is located about 3 kilometers from Wat Yanasophitawanaram.
Kuti Ruesi
Location : Phimai District
Kuti Ruesi is believed to be the building known as Arogyasala or nursing home as mentioned in the Prasat Preah Khan Inscription from approximately the 13th century. An ancient monument located outside Phimai’s southern city wall. It features a small laterite structure on a square base.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Main Prang
Location : Phimai District
Main Prang
Main Prang
Main Prang is a large pagoda the centre of the site situated on an open area in a curved walkway. The pagoda is 28 meters high, has a square base, a portico and stairways and doors in all 4 directions. It is made entirely of white sandstone and is different from the porches and walls that are made primarily of red sandstone. This is because white sandstone is more durable than red sandstone.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Men Brahmadat
Location : Phimai District
The Men Brahmadat is southeast of the walls and is made entirely of bricks. The site is believed to have been the place where a king was cremated. However, the style of construction suggests it was built in the late Ayutthaya period. Its present form is a huge and round earth hill that is about 30 meters high.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Naga Bridge
Location : Phimai District
Naga Bridge
Naga Bridge
Naga Bridge is a footbridge for go to Main Prang which there is lion figures stand in front of the Gopura (porch) south of the main pagoda. The intention may have been to build a link between earth and heaven according to both Hindu and Buddhist beliefs concerning the universe.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Phimai City Gate and City Walls
Location : Phimai District
Phimai City Gate and City Walls were built in the reign of King Chaiworaman VII. It comprises 4 gates which the south gate is the most important because the road from the ancient Khmer capital to Phimai runs through it and also if you look straight through the gate, you will see the Phimai sanctuary.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Phimai Historical Park
Location : Phimai District
Phimai Historical Park
Phimai Historical Park
Phimai Historical Park is so beautiful and most famous historical park of Nakhon Ratchasima. Don’t miss to visit Phimai Historical Park if you are planning to Nakhon Ratchasima.

Phimai Historical Park offers “Phimai Sanctuary” it is the largest and one of the most important Khmer Sanctuary in Thailand. The Phimai Sanctuary is rectangular in shape and is 565 meters wide and 1,030 meters long. It consists of ornately carved sandstone and laterite structures. The most special characteristic of the sanctuary is that it is the only one that faces south while the others usually face east. This is probably because it was built to face the route that the Khmers traveled from the capital of the empire, to the south of Phimai. From stone inscriptions and the architectural style, the Phimai Sanctuary was most likely built at the end of the 11th century during the reign of King Suriyaworaman I.

The architectural style is that of the Baphuon style that prospered at the time. However, some characteristics are similar to that of Angkor Wat, which became popular at a later period. Some additions were made to the site in the early 18th Buddhist century during the reign of King Chaiworaman VII when Phimai had close relations with the Khmer Empire. The sanctuary was always a religious site of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism because King Suriyaworaman I and King Chaiworaman VII were followers of the sect.

Important Structures in Phimai Sanctuary:
Historical Sites outside Phimai Sanctuary:
How to get there:
By Car
From Nakhon Ratchasima, take Highway No.2 for 50 kilometers, then turn on Highway No.206 and proceed for 10 kilometers.

By Bus
Taking a bus from Nakhon Ratchasima, visitors can take a bus from Bus Terminal 2 in the city.
Opening Hours : Daily 08:30 am. - 06:00 pm.
Admission : Thai 10 Baht and Foreigner 40 Baht (Price are subject to change)
Contact : Tel. 0 4447 1568
Prang Brahmadat
Location : Phimai District
Prang Brahmadat
Prang Brahmadat
Prang Brahmadat is situated in front of the Main Prang on the left side. It was made from laterite. The base is square with redented corners, and is 14.50 meters in width and around 15 meters in height. It was built in the reign of King Jayavarman VII. Inside the Prang, there is a sandstone sculpture engraved into the image of King Jayavarman VII (imitation). This Prang is called Prang Phrommathat in order to relate with the local legend about King Phrommathat. Nowadays, the Fine Arts Department has preserved the original sculpture at the Phimai National Museum.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Prang Hin Daeng
Location : Phimai District
Prang Hin Daeng situated on the right side. It was made from red sandstone, and is 11.40 meters in width and 15 meters in height. There are porches at the 4 sides as the entrances. Above the northern entrance door, there is a lintel engraved with pictures about the Maha Bharata epic, the scene of Karna hunting a wild boar. Exiting the gallery (inner wall) to the western outer space, surrounded with an outer wall are 2 Bannalai buildings or libraries situated next to each other and ponds at the 4 corners.
Administered by : Phimai Historical Park
Prasat Nang Ram
Location : Pra Thai District
Prasat Nang Ram was built in Khmer style during the 13th century of King Chaiworaman VII. The sanctuary consists of the main stupa an vihara surrounded by laterite walls. Outside the wall, there is a pond lined with stepped laterite. Outside the wall is a pond, featured with several historical buildings where many ancient items were discovered.

How to get there: Prasat Nang Ram is located 79 kilometers far from town on the route No. 2 It can be reached by driving 62 kilometers to the crossroads of Ban Wat, then touring right along the highway No. 207 for 22 kilometers to Ban Nang Ram and finally turning left with traveling further for 4 kilometers.